Background Checks and Police Clearances
All family members and dependant children 18 years and older, who are not already Canadian citizens or permanent residents, must undergo background checks to ensure that they do not pose a risk to Canada. Dependant children outside Canada must also undergo background checks even if they are not included in the application.
A police certificate, clearance or record of no information must be provided for each country in which the applicant or dependant children have lived for more than six months in the last 10 years. If applicants are unable to get police clearances, they must provide a written explanation and an original letter from the police authority confirming that they will not issue a certificate.